In the ring the animals are presented as submissive to humans: beasts mastered by man, who is supposedly superior to them, and they are forced to do any type of acrobatics that they are told to. With this aim the animals are forced to carry out totally anti-natural behaviour and be laughed at: elephants that dance or stand on their heads, monkeys dressed as ballerinas and bears that ride bikes.
But despite what some people may still think, wild animals do not perform these acts which go against their nature voluntarily, rather they are repressed and forced to do them. That’s why the training of wild animals in most cases involves the use of violent techniques or deprivation (of food, of relationship with others, of space, etc.), which are applied until the animal becomes submissive and performs the way that is required.
Of all the elements in the circus, the tools used by tamers are diverse, and also well hidden throughout the show. They may consist of sticks up their sleeve, hooks with flowers on the end, hidden electric spikes, whips which appear inoffensive, etc. All this used in combination with key words and gestures which alert the animal and remind it that it had better do what it is told to, and what will happen to it if it doesn’t obey the ringmaster.
At the state level
Through InfoCIRCOS, a coalition made up of the organisations ANDA, Born Free Foundation and FAADA. It was founded in order to protect all wild animals used in circus shows, both in Spain and in other European countries.
At European level