Official statistics confirm that hunting kills about 25 million animals in Spain each year. The loss of biodiversity caused by the following list of “collateral damage” should also be added to this figure. Poaching, the (officially authorised) releasing or repopulation of certain species, the introduction of exotic species (which end up as invaders and eliminating native species), the construction of fences and other structures which cause population imbalance of some species and the ecosystems they inhabit, river pollution from the remains of lead littering the countryside of the state and many more similar problems. Hunting leaves many victims in its wake.
It should also be pointed out that hunting has caused and causes the death of other emblematic and even protected species, such as the brown bear, the Iberian Lynx or the wolf. These creatures are either directly eliminated (in some cases completely, as is the case for the wolf in Andalusia), because it is considered a competitive predator to hunters, or their resources are reduced in such a way that they can no longer feed themselves enough to survive.
Hunting is permitted in approximately 80% of Spanish territory and 97% of Catalan territory.
The land is also greatly affected by hunting activities, and is practiced even in the most protected natural spaces, such as national parks, where this activity is supposed to be banned. However, there is a moratorium on hunting in these protected areas until 2020, and for now what is protected is the hunting activity.