Animals’ living conditions in zoos are completely different from their natural habitat. No centre can reproduce the complex biodiversity of the habitat of each species. The spaces are inevitably limited and are insufficient for the animals living there. As well as restricted, these spaces are also sterile, with artificial structures and without any type of naturalisation or enrichment, more like a cage than anything else. In zoos animals have very few stimulants and they are deprived of the chance to carry out typical behaviour of their species, from the most basic and instinctive, such as climbing or running long distances, to other more complex behaviours like hunting, or social and reproductive functions.
All this makes the animals suffer from frustration, stress, apathy, depression, etc., which often ends up manifesting in stereotypic behaviour. Stereotypies are abnormal, obsessive and repetitive behaviours that the animals perform to no end, and as scientific studies now confirm, they are only observed in animals in captivity. Among other types of behaviour there are: the sideways rocking of elephants, the pacing of big cats (continually moving from one end of the cage to the other) and the excessive grooming or self-harming of primates.
At the state level
Through InfoZOOS a coalition made up of the organisations ANDA, BORN FREE and FAADA, created to bring about effective change in the way wild animals are managed and treated in zoos.