The travelling that characterises the circus means that there are safety problems which presents risks both for the animals and for people. It is easy for the animals to have direct contact with people, for example, when there are inappropriate barriers. They may also escape, given that the facilities have to be mobile and therefore seriously lacking in safety. Add to this the fact that most of the time the animals involved are potentially dangerous, generally with high levels of aggressiveness or fear caused by the repression in which they live, makes for situations which could become very dangerous.
It must not be forgotten that wild animals are unpredictable and although most of the time they are subdued by the circus carers, in certain situations they may rebel and thus become uncontrollable. These circumstances present themselves more often than we think. The animals may get scared by a movement in the crowd, a noise, a flash of light, etc, or in the presence of the tamer who controls them with the threat of a possible punishment.
Catalonia is the first autonomous region to ban circuses with wild animals. The law was passed in 2015 and came into effect in February 2017.
It is also very common in circuses for the animals to be taken out of their cages and used as an attraction for people. They may be made to walk through the streets or tied up in a visible spot as an eye-catching advertisement for the circus.
When an animal attacks a person or escapes from the circus facilities it usually ends up being put down. There is an up to date registry of all the incidents that have taken place with animals in the circus since 1998. These have involved not only carers (such as the tamer from the Circo Mundial who was crushed to death by an elephant in 2010), but also citizens (like the visitor who had an arm ripped of by a tiger in Arganda, Madrid, in 2005).
At the state level
Through InfoCIRCOS, a coalition made up of the organisations ANDA, Born Free Foundation and FAADA. It was founded in order to protect all wild animals used in circus shows, both in Spain and in other European countries.
At European level